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State of Kerala became the third State overall and the largest State so far to be declared Open Defecation Free (ODF) under the Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) (Gramin). With a rural population of approximately 3.5 crores, is also the largest State so far to have achieved the ODF Status, after Sikkim (~6 lakhs) and Himachal Pradesh (~70 lakhs)
The aim of the mission is to provide basic civic amenities like water supply, sewerage, urban transport, parks as to improve the quality of life for all especially the poor and the disadvantaged. The focus of the Mission is on infrastructure creation that has a direct link to provision of better services to the citizens.
The Government of India has launched the Smart Cities Mission on 25 June 2015.The objective is to promote sustainable and inclusive cities that provide core infrastructure and give a decent quality of life to its citizens, a clean and sustainable environment and application of ‘Smart’ Solutions.
Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM) launched on 2nd October, 2014. Urban (SBM-U), aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country.

Related Links

Ministry of Urban Development.

Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India.

Ministry of New & Renewable Energy, Government of India.

Ministry of Science and Technology.

Department of Science and Technology, Govt.of India.

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB).

United Nations Development Program – India.

United Nations Development Program.

United Nations Environment Program.

US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA).

Environment Agency of England and Wales.

National Environmental Engineering Research Institute.

ENVIS center on control of pollution.

National Solid Waste Association of India.

State of Environment Atlas of India.

India Environment Portal.

India Water Portal.

Centre for Environment Education.

Centre for Science and Environment.

Kerala State Council for Science Technology and Environment.

Kerala Water Authority.

Centre for Water Resources Development and Management.

Cochin University of Science and Technology.

Kerala University.

Kerala Rural Water supply and Sanitation Agency.

Kerala Agriculture University.

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology.

Centre for Development Studies.

Rural Development Department, Kerala.

Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute.

Local Self Government Department, Government. of Kerala.

Kerala Institute of Local Administration (KILA).

Suchitwa Mission (Kerala State Sanitation Mission).

IIT Bombay.

IIT Delhi.

IIT Guwahati.

IIT Kanpur.

IIT Madras.

IIT Kharagpur.

IIT Roorkee.



Centre for Environment and Development, Thiruvananthapuram (CED) is the Centre of Excellence (CoE) of Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India on“Solid Waste and Wastewater Management”. The main objective of the CoE is to develop (i) Strategy and Framework for Solid Waste Management (SWM) and Wastewater Management (WWM) in the Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) of India (ii) Capacity Building and Training to different target groups and (iii) Establishment of a Knowledge Centre on Solid Waste and Wastewater Management.